The Beatitudes

7 Oct

In the movie Walk the Line there is a scene towards the end of Cash’s career, in response to a letter, where he wants to play at San Quinton. Cash had hit the highests of highs and the lowest of lows including addiction and jail time during his career. This exchange of lines takes place:

Record Company Executive: Your fans are church folk, Johnny. Christians. They don’t wanna hear you singing to a bunch of murderers and rapists, tryin’ to cheer ‘em up.
[pause] Johnny Cash: Well, they’re not Christians, then.

I feel like I live in a world where obnoxious, loud and calloused Christians get the spotlight. Partly because they demand it and partly because bad news and stupid people make good news. But there was a moment while at the theatres that all I could do was smile. Because here is a perfect picture of what it means to follow Jesus. Johnny was in touch with his own failures to know that no one is beyond God’s reach and love and therefore we shouldn’t put limits on others either.

We often take the Beattitudes (Latin for Blessed) and turn it into Jesus giving more rules and regulations. We must be poor in spirit. We must be meek. Must be beaten up. This doesn’t make Jesus’ message good news at all, it makes it harder news. Instead, Dallas Willard among others are coming around to saying that Jesus was speaking to a crowd of people and making observations. He wasn’t just throwing out another list but was speaking to people that he knew. Jesus seems to be saying just by the fact that they have encountered him and with that the inbreaking of the kingdom of God they will be blessed. Even if they suffer for it.

Matthew 5
The Beatitudes
1Now when he saw the crowds, he went up on a mountainside and sat down. His disciples came to him, 2and he began to teach them saying:
3″Blessed are the poor in spirit,
for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
4Blessed are those who mourn,
for they will be comforted.
5Blessed are the meek,
for they will inherit the earth.
6Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness,
for they will be filled.
7Blessed are the merciful,
for they will be shown mercy.
8Blessed are the pure in heart,
for they will see God.
9Blessed are the peacemakers,
for they will be called sons of God.
10Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness,
for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

11″Blessed are you when people insult you, persecute you and falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of me. 12Rejoice and be glad, because great is your reward in heaven, for in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you.

And so the role of the church is to be a group of people announcing that the kingdom has arrived and no matter who they are or what they have done or where they have been they can enter the blessed life of God. How different would my response be to the person who seems bitter, lazy, angry or a multitude of terms I use to label a person who I deem as unworthy. Do I have the imagination and worldview of Jesus that sees first what the result of the kingdom would be in a person’s life or do I first see what is wrong with them that they need to fix first? Because people around you know. They can sense deep down how you view them and the world around it.

“You are really walking in the good news of the kigndom if you can go with confidence to any of the hopeless people around you and effortlessly convey assurance that they can now enter a blessed life with God.” Dallas Willard, The Divine Conspiracy p122

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What the Early Church Believed About Loving Our Enemies

25 Aug

This Sunday we are looking at Matthew 5:38-48 where Jesus talks about loving our enemies. It is interesting how before Christianity merged with the Roman Empire around the time of Constantine that there wasn’t a trace of reasoning that doing ill to your enemy could ever be considered “just”.

Justin Martyr wrote in 160 AD:
“We ourselves were well conversant with war, murder, and everything evil, but all of us throughout the whole wide earth have traded in our weapons of war. We have exchanged our swords for ploughshares, our spears for farm tools. Now we cultivate the fear of God, justice, kindness to men, faith, and the expectation of the future given to us by the Father himself through the Crucified One.” (Dialogue with Trypho 110.3.4)

Tatian, (death c. 185), Justin’s disciple, wrote:
“I do not wish to be king, I don’t want to be rich, I reject military service. I hate adultery.” (The Ante-Nicene Fathers, Alexander Roberts and James Donaldson, Grand Rapids, Michigan, Vol. II, reprint 1979, p. 69)

Irenaeus of Lyon (ca 130-202) wrote:
“But the law of liberty, that is, the word of God, preached by the apostles (who went forth from Jerusalem) throughout all the earth, caused such a change in the state of things, that these [nations] did form the swords and war-lances into ploughshares, and changed them into pruning-hooks for reaping the corn, [that is], into instruments used for peaceful purposes, and that they are now unaccustomed to fighting, but when smitten, offer also the other cheek.” (The Ante-Nicene Fathers, Vol.
I, reprinted 1977, p. 512)

Hippolytos wrote in c. 200:
“A soldier of the civil authority must be taught not to kill men and to refuse to do so if he is commanded, and to refuse to take an oath. If he is unwilling to comply, he must be rejected for baptism. A military commander or civic magistrate who wears the purple must resign or be rejected. If an applicant or a believer seeks to become a soldier, he must be rejected, for he has despised God.” (Hippolytos, Apostolic Tradition 16:17-19)

Clemens of Alexandria (ca 150-215) wrote:
“If a loud trumpet summons soldiers to war, shall not Christ with a strain of peace issued to the ends of the earth gather up his soldiers of peace? By his own blood and by his word he has assembled an army which sheds no blood in order to give them the Kingdom of Heaven. The trumpet of Christ is his Gospel. He has sounded it and we have heard it. Let us then put on the armour of peace. … The Church is an army of peace which sheds no blood.” (Protrepticus XI, 116)

Tertullian (160-220) wrote in De Corona Militis:
“To begin with the real ground of the military crown, I think we must first inquire whether warfare is proper at all for Christians. … Shall it be held lawful to make an occupation of the sword, when the Lord proclaims that he who uses the sword shall perish by the sword? And shall the son of peace take part in the battle when it does not become him even to sue at law? … Of course, if faith comes later, and finds any preoccupied with military service, their case is different, as in the instance of those whom John used to receive for baptism, and of those most faithful centurions, I mean the centurion whom Christ approves, and the centurion whom Peter instructs; yet, at the same time, when a man has become a believer, and faith has been sealed, there must be either an immediate abandonment of it, which has been the course with many; or all sorts of quibbling will have to be resorted to in order to avoid offending God, and that is not allowed even outside of military service; or, last of all, for God the fate must be endured which a citizen-faith has been no less ready to accept. Neither does military service hold out escape from punishment of sins, or exemption from martyrdom.”

About 240, Origen wrote:
“You cannot demand military service of Christians any more than you can of priests. We do not go forth as soldiers.” (Against Celsus VIII.7.3)

Cyprian (200-258) wrote:
“The world is soaked with mutual blood. When individuals commit homicide, it is a crime; it is called a virtue when it is done in the name of the state. Impunity is acquired for crimes not by reason of innocence but by the magnitude of the cruelty.” (To Donatus, chapter 6)

Athanasius (298-373) wrote:
“Christ is not only preached through His own disciples, but also wrought so persuasively on men’s understanding that, laying aside their savage habits and forsaking the worship of their ancestral gods, they learnt to know Him and through Him to worship the Father. While they were yet idolaters, the Greeks and Barbarians were always at war with each other, and were even cruel to their own kith and kin. Nobody could travel by land or sea at all unless he was armed with swords, because of their irreconcilable quarrels with each other. Indeed, the whole course of their life was carried on with the weapons. But since they came over to the school of Christ, as men moved with real compunction they have laid aside their murderous cruelty and are war-minded no more. On the contrary, all is peace among them and nothing remains save desire for friendship…
Who, then, is He Who has done these things and has united in peace those who hated each other, save the beloved Son of the Father, the common Saviour of all, Jesus Christ, Who by His own love underwent all things for our salvation? Even from the beginning, moreover, this peace that He was to administer was foretold, for Scripture says, ‘They shall beat their swords into ploughshares and their spears into sickles, and nation shall not take sword against nation, neither shall they learn any more to wage war.’ Nor is this by any means incredible.
The barbarians of the present day are naturally savage in their habits, and as long as they sacrifice to their idols they rage furiously against each other and cannot bear to be a single hour without weapons. But when they hear the teaching of Christ, forthwith they turn from fighting to farming, and instead of arming themselves with swords extend their hands in prayer. In a word, instead of fighting each other, they take up arms against the devil and the demons, and overcome them by their self-command and integrity of soul.” (On the incarnation, chapter 8, 51 and 52)

Gregory of Nyssa (c. 335-395) wrote:
” ‘Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God.’ Who are these? Those who imitate the Divine love of others, who show forth in their own life the characteristic of the Divine energy. The Lord and Giver of good things completely annihilates anything that is without affinity and foreign to goodness. This work He ordains also for you, namely to cast out hatred and abolish war, to exterminate envy and banish strife, to take away hypocrisy and extinguish from within resentment of injuries smoldering in the heart. Instead, you ought to introduce whatever is contrary to the things that have been removed.” (The Lord’s Prayer and the Beatitudes, Ancient Christian Writers series, Newman Press)

The fantastic preacher John Chrysostom (347-407) said:
“That they may now understand that this is a new kind of warfare and not the usual custom of joining in battle, when He sent them with nothing He said: And so, marching on, show forth the meekness of lambs, although you are to go to wolves… for so will I best show my power, when the wolves are conquered by the lambs… For certainly it is a greater work and much more marvelous to change the minds of opponents and to bring about a change of soul than to kill them… We ought to be ashamed, therefore, who act far differently when as wolves we rush upon our adversaries. For as long as we are lambs we conquer; even when a thousand wolves stand about, we overcome and are victors. But if we act like wolves we are conquered, for then the aid of the Good Shepherd departs from us, for He does not foster wolves but sheep.” (Epistle Matt. Hom 34, n.1: – Breviary, June 11th)

A Community Called Atonement

21 Aug

“The kingdom of God, in short compass, is the society in which the will of God is established to transform all of life. The kingdom of God is more than what God is doing within you and more than God’s personal “dynamic presence”; it is what God is doing in this world through the community of faith for the redemptive plans of God-including what God is doing in you and me. It transforms relationships with God, with self, with others, and with the world.
-Scot McKnight, A Community Called Atonement

Validation

12 Aug

Person 1: I’m hear to get validated.
Validator: You. You are awesome!

Arcade Fire-Rococo

11 Aug

Wallis and Dever on Justice, Church and the World

29 Jul

Currently Reading…Culture Making by Andy Crouch

14 Jul

Just picked up a book 2 weeks ago called culture making. Anytime Tim Keller endorses a book saying, “I highly recommend it” it’s probably worth checking out. The author, Andy Crouch is a name I’ve heard several times in different circles but never read him or heard him speak until I saw a couple 18 minute sessions of him teaching at a conference called Q. He struck me as very original and well thought and not just regurgitating common understood assumptions. Check out his Q talks here, here and here.

You can also check out his book here at Amazon. It has a depth and isn’t a light read so it’s quite the commitment but sometimes it is good to read hard things.